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Первому фильму против гомофобии исполняется 101 год [ВИДЕО]

параграфа 175

Немецкий режиссер  Рихард Освальд  и  известный сексолог  Магнус Хиршфельд, создатель Института сексологии, в 1919 году сняли первый немой художественный фильм о геях. Авторы картины  открыто выступили против “параграфа 175”, который законодательно осуждает гомосексуальные отношения. Премьера фильма  состоялась  премьера в Берлине 28 мая 1919 года.

В центре сюжета картины — известный пианист Пауль, которого шантажирует бывший любовник. Сначала Пауль платит деньги за молчание, но когда требования становятся все более наглыми, прекращает платить вымогателю.  Пауль знакомится с доктором Магнусом Хиршфельдом, который говорит с ним о принятии свой ориентации. Но шантажист пишет донос на Пауля и главный герой оказывается на скамье подсудимых.

Премьера фильма состоялась в 1919 году

Судьба картины была непростой, она создавалась во время существования “параграфа 175” в Германии, который предполагал уголовное наказание за гомосексуальные отношения. Авторы фильма на премьере картины говорили о том, что хотят не только поднять сложную тему, но и защитить геев, которые несправедливо подвергаются нападкам, осуждению и даже преследуются законом.

С одной стороны, фильм получил одобрение, но с другой стал поводом для консервативных сил заговорить о цензуре.

Фильм был запрещен в Германии в 1933 году, а его копии были уничтожены. Первоначальная версия картины была утеряна.   Позже, в 1999 году,  практически по крупицам история была восстановлена.  Участники проекта Outfest, в партнерстве с UCLA Film and TV Archives, собрали видео-историю на основе сохранившихся фрагментов.






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